The Most Useful Medical Supply

Catheters are flexible tubes inserted into the body to permit introduction or withdrawal of fluids or keep the passageway open. These tubes are used in medicine to administer fluids, medications and gases. They are also used to remove fluids like urine from patients body. These tubes are are usually inserted into a vessel, duct or body cavity. They can be intermittent or indwelling. Stents are usually made of rubber, plastic, silicone and latex. Material modification and manufacturing adjustments allow them to be tailored for cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, urological, ophthalmic and neurovascular applications. They are available in different types including intravenous, chest and urinary tubes. Stents are made of varying stiffness depending on the application. These medical devices are inserted into the body to perform surgical procedures and cure diseases.

Stent

Application

Catheterization is the process of inserting a stent into the body. Tubes can be left inside the body permanently or temporarily. This indwelling version includes a peripherally inserted stent. These tubes are placed inside specific body parts to allow urine drainage from the bladder. Here they are applied as intermittent tubes or even when the urethra is damaged. They are also to remove urine from the kidney through the skin.
Medical stents are remove fluid collections like abdominal abscess. A peripheral venous version is used to administer intravenous fluids, parental nutrition or medication. These tubes are also used for measuring blood pressure directly in the artery or vein. This also includes measuring intracranial pressure directly. They are also used to administer anesthesia during surgery. Here they are usually inserted into the subarachnoid space, epidural cavity or near a major nerve bundle.

When it comes to gases, medical stents are used to administer oxygen and other breathing gases into the lungs using a tracheal tube. They are also used with insulin or infusion pump to administer insulin into the body. Maternal applications include inserting fertilized embryos into the uterus. An umbilical line is a stent used to provide access to the central circulation of premature infants. In artificial insemination, a intrauterine catheter is used to insert sperm directly into the uterus.

Risks

The most common stents are urinary, which are usually associated with various complications. These tubes can cause urinary tract infections. They can be very deadly for people recovering from total joint replacement surgeries. Bacterial infections cause diarrhea and colon inflammation especially among old patients. Urinary tract infection can also cause bladder inflammations. This causes a condition caused cystitis where a patient develops a frequent urge to urinate.

bladder infection

Forceful application of stents can also cause urinal injuries. Blood infection is a rare complication found among long-term patients. Irritation of the ureter and bladder can cause blood in the urine. Latex tubes have the tendency of causing allergies. Users can experience redness, irritation, itching and abdominal pain. Patients can experience difficulty in urinating after tube removal. Stent insertion may also form a scar tissue which narrows the bladder. Other rare complications include bladder cancer, bladder stones, kidney stones and kidney damage.

Benefits

Despite all the risks, these medical tubes can be a life saver especially for patients with urinal problems. They help in treating urinary retention where a patient is unable to empty the bladder when needed. Removal of residual urine reduces risks of urinary tract infections. It removes an obstruction from the urinary tract. Catheterization is also used to treat urinary incontinence where patients are unable to control urination. Indwelling urinary tubes can promote independence and improved social life This allows them to control when and how to empty their bladder. It helps in removing urine from the bladder if a nerve damage interferes with bladder control. Intermittent ones improve body image and expression of sexuality.

Conclusion

These medical tubes form an integral part of treating health problems and performing maternal procedures. They adhere to medical provisions including type of material used. Advanced medical procedures like artificial insemination and insulin administration rely on these tubes. Its a proven way of administering gases and fluids into the body. These tubes are also used to remove urine or control urination. They are associated with health complications like urinary tract infection, bladder inflammation, blood in urine, narrowing of urinary tract, urinal injuries and allergies. Otherwise, urinary stents relieve the bladder and eliminate embarrassing leaks which improve patients life.